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We first heard about finance and its essential role in triggering the crisis. In January 2012, during his first meeting at the Bourget, François Hollande summarized the situation: "My real opponent is the world of finance ... In this battle that begins, I will tell you who is my opponent, My real opponent, he has no name, no face, no party, he will never run as a candidate, he will not be elected but he will govern. "This adversary is the world of finance. "
In September 2008, it was Nicolas Sarkozy who preceded him by declaring also to go to war against "financial capitalism which had imposed its logic on the whole economy and had contributed to pervert it", before affirming that "l "The idea that the markets are always right was a crazy idea, the market that is always right is over."
Ironically, it was these same financial markets that were harshly incriminated by our leaders, who were going to force them, some time later, to come and beg for help in order to avoid the collapse. So we had to find a new target, another source of our decline. Thus, another argument was born"Public debt" and the way of life of the French.
In a few weeks, by force of media hype, they were persuaded that they lived beyond their means, that they were the cause of this disaster and that they were now to settle the note.
However, the GDP in our country has not increased for 20 years, while the costs of the rescue of the finance and the recession have exploded the deficits and therefore the public debts.
Yet to stop investing is to destroy inevitably the future of our nation to find ourselves in the same calvary as that of the countries destroyed by the weight of their debt.
Austerity, as an economic model, has clearly demonstrated its weaknesses and proves it every day. Indeed, it was in the name of this austerity that the rejection of the Other was fueled to excess. It is this austerity that has allowed identity groups to gain credibility. It is because of this austerity that the number of suicides, drug use and the development of prostitution have literally exploded in Greece in recent years. It is time to look at other options because other solutions exist.
For example, in Ecuador, which in 2007 decided, under the chairmanship of Rafael Correa, to appoint a commission to investigate the country's public debt. It then became clear that it had also served to enrich the financial markets.
The payment of this part was deemed illegitimate and immediately suspended. It was not less than $ 7 billion that could be saved and invested in the social sectors that needed it.
Let us, in turn, demand a precise audit of our public debt in order to see what has really been borrowed for the expenses of the French and what has been used for speculation. Decide to go into war against the world of finance in order to find a strong and solidary France.
Many tax incentives have been implemented to encourage energy savings, prevent pollution, and reward donations to charities.
Among the hundreds of tax expenditures identified in 2015, some, unusual and incoherent, are subject to little media coverage but their budgetary impact is far from negligible, for example:
• The exemption of the sums received in connection with the award of the Nobel Prize or international awards of equivalent level in literary, artistic or scientific fields.
• The exemption from the flat-rate benefits derived from the cultivation of truffle trees for 15 years after planting.
In 2015, the tax benefits will cost a total of € 81.9 billion, as set out in an annex to the 2015 Budget Bill (PLF). That is 1.9 billion more than what was estimated for the 2014, in the 2014 budget proposal.
It is therefore necessary to remove some of these tax incentives that have stacked over time and are totally irrelevant.
They are clearly ineffective so that our country's fiscal policy can finally reduce the tax burden and boost consumption to better stimulate growth.
« All work deserves salary "and" any social benefit deserves consideration"
It is important to ensure support for people affected by precariousness and long-term unemployment. Unemployment benefits, Active Solidarity Income (SSA), Specific Solidarity Allowance (SSA) or Single Parent Allowance (API) are mechanisms for preserving a certain dignity.
It is also necessary to help the recipients of these aids to integrate into society by maintaining a part-time or reduced utility activity such as the maintenance of public goods, aids for the elderly, school aids For students in difficulty etc...
Moreover, the right to work is one of the human rights proclaimed in Article 23 of the 1948 United Nations Declaration :
"Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favorable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment. "
Under the right to work, as in the case of the right to housing, we advocate that, in the event of loss of employment, every citizen may continue to have a professional activity that is useful to the society and remunerated to the SMIC until That he finds a job.
The interest is threefold:
• Maintain a social link by being useful to the community
• Encourage lost citizens to find one quickly
• Reduce spending since this means a reduction in the payment of unemployment benefits
For this to work, it is obviously necessary to :
• Guarantee a "useful job" in line with its profile and career choice for each citizen who has lost his job, which means to professionalize, train, and make more efficient the Pôle Emploi.
• Have a calm and constructive discussion with social partners, employee representatives and insurers.
At the same time, to protect themselves against excessive wage losses, everyone will have the possibility to subscribe to an insurance that will complement this SMIC.
In a society based on the defense of the weakest, relief for the most deprived and equitable sharing of wealth, it is inconceivable that some divert, abuse, take advantage of our system at the expense of those involved in maintaining it.
The Administration must be given the means to fight effectively against tax evasion, social security fraud, social security fraud and financial crime.
Tax evasion is 600 billion euros less in the state coffers (Investigation at the heart of tax evasion, Antoine Peillon). In order to eradicate this growing phenomenon, we must work in partnership with other European and non-European States and give the tax administration the means to conduct investigations outside our borders.
The social security debt would be around € 13 billion in 2014 (Bercy press release)
Fraud on social contributions would be in the order of 20 to 25 billion euros (report of the Court of Auditors of 2014). Fraud for social benefits is estimated at around € 5 billion.
Resolving the fraud would immediately reduce the deficit and thus maintain our social system. In order to do so, a pro-active anti-fraud policy must be implemented by deploying human and material resources in sufficient numbers, the cost of which will be offset by the revenues collected (as well as tax evasion).
Moreover, in the case of criminal proceedings, we propose to consider as aggravating circumstances the fact for an elected representative of the Republic, to have been guilty of fraud of any kind and to pronounce ex officio the loss of his mandate and his ineligibility.
On December 18, 2008, under the UMP government, the Ministry of Economy, Industry and Employment announced tax adjustments to promote alternative financing arrangements, notably Islamic : http://www.economie.gouv.fr/cedef/finance-islamique.
It is regrettable that successive governments have not tended to moralize more in terms of finance by allowing a real transparency of flows, a better distribution of profits and the prohibition of predatory practices (toxic loans, doubtful financial investments, investments in Companies that exploit their employees, etc.).
Despite its campaign promises, the current government has not cleared the situation and even accentuated it on the contrary. Nevertheless, to moralize finance, to endow it with an ethic based on the idea that it must be at the service of individuals, companies and communities is not contrary to the fact of generating profits.
Obviously, there must be a real will to tackle lobbies and negotiate, or even legislate, so that banks can finally come back into the ranks. Ethical finance, for example, would allow certain French households to access the property through adapted real estate loans, thereby boosting a sector that has been declining for more than 3 years, but also buying shares in committed companies In a real social and environmental responsibility policy.
More ethical banking products would meet the needs of all consumers.
Indeed, the application of ethical finance would have avoided the North American subprime crisis that contaminated the entire global financial system by plunging us into a dramatic economic recession.
It is therefore necessary to put in place tools to safeguard employment by auditing, for example, systematically with every plan of mass dismissal the companies that would be perceived as unfair by the organizations of employees or trade unionists. If it is found at the end of this audit that a company unfairly disburses profits and pays dividends to its shareholders at the expense of maintaining employment and investment, To pay a contribution based on a percentage of its turnover in the national territory, directly and indirectly. This contribution will be a counterpart to the cost of training, reinsertion and compensation to be borne by the State when taking over the employees who will have been the subject of the social redundancy plan.
Thus we will have a way of fighting the purely "stock market" redundancies, which have become commonplace in recent years.
We are witnessing a "necrosis" of these isolated neighborhoods, sometimes cut off from the rest of the national community and where there is unemployment and insecurity. It is important to invest in a new urban model.
This will have to be done through a vast national plan to rehabilitate the most isolated areas, such as the one in St-Denis in the department of 93, destroying the dilapidated apartment buildings , Instead of low-consumption dwellings of the single-family type.
It is also more than vital to "reconnect" these areas to the rest of the country. These operations of "revascularization" consist in acting on three fundamental strands:
• Transport: to open up and reconnect these areas to the rest of the rail network in order to promote the transfer of working life
• Unemployment will be facilitated by
• And therefore insecurity since it is precariousness that engenders violence and parallel trafficking
Work on these priority areas will allow to recreate social mix by attracting more middle classes, companies willing to settle in modulo of fiscal adjustments and financial incentives,
We propose, for example, to provide an envelope for business start-up in these zones via zero-rate credits for young people under 30 years of age. These creative projects will be validated in committee and may have as criteria the need for a return on investment of less than 7 years and the creation of local jobs.
It will also be necessary for the institutions to play their roles fully and to be provided with additional means to pull up all our citizens (school, police, town hall, associations, etc.).
The market for ritual slaughter in countries of North Africa, the Near and Middle East, and South-East Asia.
We are considering this project strictly from the economic point of view. "Halal represents a potential global market of 448 billion euros for French companies, especially those that export. (François Matraire, director of the Malaysian office of Ubifrance, in Le Figaro).
It is a market that grows about 10% per year and weighs 5.5 billion euros in France (Figaro Economy). The Doux company, for example, currently employs more than 4000 people throughout the country, mainly thanks to its Halal label alone (80% of its activity).
This sector is therefore an economic opportunity for both farmers and breeders who struggle to survive in this unfair war between large-scale distribution on the one hand and globalization on the other. We could export our products beyond our borders as is the case with some luxury products.
With the particular geographical situation of our country, in the center of Europe, we wish to create a halal label with the quality of the products of the French terroir in order to become the world leaders in this field. We could create many jobs in this sector.
In times of crisis, is it not necessary to study all the levers of growth at our disposal? We do not say that this market alone is enough to straighten our economy, it would be ubuesque, but like wind, solar, ecological transport, it needs to be studied.
Establishing Halal everywhere is the fantasy of our detractors.
Everyone is free to consume as he sees fit.
Ecology is a priority for our party, it must be a priority for our country. To this day, it is managed and applied by our successive governments as a constraint. On the contrary, it is a lever of growth, moral and ethical if it is used wisely.
Ecology must be at the heart of all political action: housing, transport, security, education, police etc…
It must be taught at the primary level to give future generations the reflexes, knowledge and state of mind that we lack.
We have so far underutilized our capacities and our natural resources to get out of the economic crisis that has affected us since 2008. France has the first maritime frontage in Europe and yet we do not Of this advantage.
We choose to put in place a proactive policy to use these resources to combat energy dependency on the one hand and to create jobs in high growth sectors: wind, recycling and waste treatment. Waste, biomass, solar, hydraulic, etc.
To this end, we propose the introduction of a tax policy that is advantageous for companies in this sector, with the creation of new channels linked to these professions within the National Education Department.
We want to get rid of the redundant speeches of the traditional parties on ecology and the environment. That is why we will avoid talking about the exit from nuclear power or even development or research on renewable energies, since these proposals are already present in almost all current programs.
We decided to bring a real diversity on this subject by finding other areas of reflection, starting by modifying our traveling habits, centered mainly in the dense zones during peak hours.
These massive displacements cause multiple disruptions, starting with the pollution of the motorway harmful to the environment, the health in general and the stress of the users going to their places of work.
This workplace, located in the major regions, inevitably raises the price of real estate, forcing the most modest households to move away, causing gentrification of urban centers by families with higher incomes.
These wealthier families occupy senior management posts with more autonomy and flexibility on their work than on the workers. The latter have schedules starting at the very first hours of the day or on different time slots better known as three eight (3 times 8h). Removing these individuals from their workplaces only worsens their daily lives and further disrupts family life.
To rebalance our society, we advocate changing the conditions of access and organization of work, beginning with the so-called autonomous executives.
In order to do this, we wish to generalize teleworking, which is currently used in France only to 15%, and which would logically result in a much better quality of work for these managers, significant reductions in costs for employers, Of points, to directly reduce the pollution generated by motorway traffic and less stress for the end users.
Finally, in the long term, it is potentially possible for these managers to move away from the city centers in order to allow people with more modest incomes to return to them.